Happy Codings - Programming Code Examples
Html Css Web Design Sample Codes CPlusPlus Programming Sample Codes JavaScript Programming Sample Codes C Programming Sample Codes CSharp Programming Sample Codes Java Programming Sample Codes Php Programming Sample Codes Visual Basic Programming Sample Codes

Visual Basic Programming Code Examples

Visual Basic > Graphics Games Programming Code Examples

Capture DOS screen output from a command line

Capture DOS screen output from a command line This code is extremely useful if you ever need to capture output from a DOS screen/console. The simple demonstration below, shows how to capture the output from a batch file. Note, to redirect other handles (STDIN and STDERR), create a pipe for each handle for which redirection is desired. The code should read from the read ends of the pipes for the redirected STDOUT and STDERR. If STDIN redirection was desired, the could should write to the write end of the appropriate pipe. Option Explicit Private Declare Function CreatePipe Lib "kernel32" (phReadPipe As Long, phWritePipe As Long, lpPipeAttributes As Any, ByVal nSize As Long) As Long Private Declare Function ReadFile Lib "kernel32" (ByVal hFile As Long, ByVal lpBuffer As String, ByVal nNumberOfBytesToRead As Long, lpNumberOfBytesRead As Long, ByVal lpOverlapped As Any) As Long Private Declare Function GetNamedPipeInfo Lib "kernel32" (ByVal hNamedPipe As Long, lType As Long, lLenOutBuf As Long, lLenInBuf As Long, lMaxInstances As Long) As Long Private Type SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES nLength As Long lpSecurityDescriptor As Long bInheritHandle As Long End Type Private Type STARTUPINFO cb As Long lpReserved As Long lpDesktop As Long lpTitle As Long dwX As Long dwY As Long dwXSize As Long dwYSize As Long dwXCountChars As Long dwYCountChars As Long dwFillAttribute As Long dwFlags As Long wShowWindow As Integer cbReserved2 As Integer lpReserved2 As Long hStdInput As Long hStdOutput As Long hStdError As Long End Type Private Type PROCESS_INFORMATION hProcess As Long hThread As Long dwProcessID As Long dwThreadID As Long End Type Private Declare Function WaitForSingleObject Lib "kernel32" (ByVal hHandle As Long, ByVal dwMilliseconds As Long) As Long Private Declare Function CreateProcessA Lib "kernel32" (ByVal lpApplicationName As Long, ByVal lpCommandLine As String, lpProcessAttributes As Any, lpThreadAttributes As Any, ByVal bInheritHandles As Long, ByVal dwCreationFlags As Long, ByVal lpEnvironment As Long, ByVal lpCurrentDirectory As Long, lpStartupInfo As Any, lpProcessInformation As Any) As Long Private Declare Function CloseHandle Lib "kernel32" (ByVal hObject As Long) As Long 'Purpose : Synchronously runs a DOS command line and returns the captured screen output. 'Inputs : sCommandLine The DOS command line to run. ' [bShowWindow] If True displays the DOS output window. 'Outputs : Returns the screen output 'Notes : This routine will work only with those program that send their output to ' the standard output device (stdout). ' Windows NT ONLY. 'Revisions : Function ShellExecuteCapture(sCommandLine As String, Optional bShowWindow As Boolean = False) As String Const clReadBytes As Long = 256, INFINITE As Long = &HFFFFFFFF Const STARTF_USESHOWWINDOW = &H1, STARTF_USESTDHANDLES = &H100& Const SW_HIDE = 0, SW_NORMAL = 1 Const NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS = &H20& Const PIPE_CLIENT_END = &H0 'The handle refers to the client end of a named pipe instance. This is the default. Const PIPE_SERVER_END = &H1 'The handle refers to the server end of a named pipe instance. If this value is not specified, the handle refers to the client end of a named pipe instance. Const PIPE_TYPE_BYTE = &H0 'The named pipe is a byte pipe. This is the default. Const PIPE_TYPE_MESSAGE = &H4 'The named pipe is a message pipe. If this value is not specified, the pipe is a byte pipe Dim tProcInfo As PROCESS_INFORMATION, lRetVal As Long, lSuccess As Long Dim tStartupInf As STARTUPINFO Dim tSecurAttrib As SECURITY_ATTRIBUTES, lhwndReadPipe As Long, lhwndWritePipe As Long Dim lBytesRead As Long, sBuffer As String Dim lPipeOutLen As Long, lPipeInLen As Long, lMaxInst As Long tSecurAttrib.nLength = Len(tSecurAttrib) tSecurAttrib.bInheritHandle = 1& tSecurAttrib.lpSecurityDescriptor = 0& lRetVal = CreatePipe(lhwndReadPipe, lhwndWritePipe, tSecurAttrib, 0) If lRetVal = 0 Then 'CreatePipe failed Exit Function End If tStartupInf.cb = Len(tStartupInf) tStartupInf.dwFlags = STARTF_USESTDHANDLES Or STARTF_USESHOWWINDOW tStartupInf.hStdOutput = lhwndWritePipe If bShowWindow Then 'Show the DOS window tStartupInf.wShowWindow = SW_NORMAL Else 'Hide the DOS window tStartupInf.wShowWindow = SW_HIDE End If lRetVal = CreateProcessA(0&, sCommandLine, tSecurAttrib, tSecurAttrib, 1&, NORMAL_PRIORITY_CLASS, 0&, 0&, tStartupInf, tProcInfo) If lRetVal <> 1 Then 'CreateProcess failed Exit Function End If 'Process created, wait for completion. Note, this will cause your application 'to hang indefinately until this process completes. WaitForSingleObject tProcInfo.hProcess, INFINITE 'Determine pipes contents lSuccess = GetNamedPipeInfo(lhwndReadPipe, PIPE_TYPE_BYTE, lPipeOutLen, lPipeInLen, lMaxInst) If lSuccess Then 'Got pipe info, create buffer sBuffer = String(lPipeOutLen, 0) 'Read Output Pipe lSuccess = ReadFile(lhwndReadPipe, sBuffer, lPipeOutLen, lBytesRead, 0&) If lSuccess = 1 Then 'Pipe read successfully ShellExecuteCapture = Left$(sBuffer, lBytesRead) End If End If 'Close handles Call CloseHandle(tProcInfo.hProcess) Call CloseHandle(tProcInfo.hThread) Call CloseHandle(lhwndReadPipe) Call CloseHandle(lhwndWritePipe) End Function 'Demonstration routine 'NOTE: Create a file called "C:\test.bat" containing a single line: ' dir *.* Sub Test() Debug.Print ShellExecuteCapture("C:\test.bat", False) End Sub